By Andrew Hodges, Douglas Hofstadter
It's only a mild exaggeration to assert that the British mathematician Alan Turing (1912-1954) kept the Allies from the Nazis, invented the pc and synthetic intelligence, and expected homosexual liberation via decades--all earlier than his suicide at age 41. This vintage biography of the founding father of machine technological know-how, reissued at the centenary of his beginning with a considerable new preface by way of the writer, is the definitive account of a rare brain and lifestyles. A gripping tale of arithmetic, pcs, cryptography, and gay persecution, Andrew Hodges's acclaimed booklet captures either the interior and outer drama of Turing's existence. Hodges tells how Turing's progressive concept of 1936--the proposal of a common machine--laid the root for the trendy laptop and the way Turing introduced the assumption to sensible awareness in 1945 together with his digital layout. The booklet additionally tells how this paintings used to be at once on the topic of Turing's best function in breaking the German Enigma ciphers in the course of international struggle II, a systematic triumph that was once severe to Allied victory within the Atlantic. whilst, this can be the tragic tale of a guy who, regardless of his wartime carrier, was once ultimately arrested, stripped of his protection clearance, and compelled to suffer a humiliating therapy program--all for attempting to stay truthfully in a society that outlined homosexuality as a criminal offense.
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Extra info for Alan Turing: The Enigma The Centenary Edition
British India had changed since Sir Robert left it in 1792. Fortune no longer helped the daring; fortune awaited the civil servant who could endure the climate for forty years. ’ The Empire had become respectable. With the help of a £100 loan from a family friend he bought his pony and saddlery, and was sent off into the interior. For ten years he served in the districts of Bellary, Kurnool and Vizigapatam as Assistant Collector and Magistrate. There he rode from village to village, reporting upon agriculture, sanitation, irrigation, vaccination, auditing accounts, and overseeing the native magistracy.
I feel so helpless & not able to do anything. The Webbs removed last Wed. & I don’t know their new address yet. Mr & Mrs Gibson saw Mr Alan out walking Mon. evening he was perfectly all right then. The weekend before he’d had Mr Gandy over for the weekend & they seemed to have had a really good time. The Mr & Mrs Webb came to dinner Tues. & Mrs Webb had aftern[oon] tea with him Wed. the day she removed. You do know you have my very deepest sympathy in your great loss & what I can do to help at this end you know I will continue to do so.
Probably the distinguishing mark of the upper-middle class was that its traditions were not to any extent commercial, but mainly military, official, and professional.
Alan Turing: The Enigma The Centenary Edition by Andrew Hodges, Douglas Hofstadter